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Skin Care

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Skin Care
Summary
  • Most people wish to maintain healthy, youthful looking skin and to achieve this there are some basic principles to follow.
  • To cleanse the face of make-up, impurities, excess oil and dulling dead cells it is important to use a liquid cleanser which is made for this purpose.
  • A moisturiser should be used daily as it replenishes lost moisture (and emollients if the skin is dry).
Description

The skin is the largest organ of the body. It provides protection from environmental toxins, injury and changes in temperature. More emphasis, however, is usually placed on the role the skin plays in a person's physical appearance. Most people wish to maintain healthy, youthful looking skin and to achieve this there are some basic principles to follow.

  1. CLEANSING
    The first step is to cleanse the skin properly. It is the first step towards a good complexion. Cleansing the skin will help remove not only dirt but excess make-up, dead skin cells, excess oil (sebum) and other unwanted pollutants. If these products are not removed from the skin the pores become clogged and sometimes allow infections to take place. A good cleanser should cleanse thoroughly and leave the skin feeling clean, soft and supple.
    STEP 1
    Wet the face with some cold water. Use a mild soap or a wash off cleanser and lather on the face using a circular massaging action with the fingers. Rinse the soap off using cold water and pat dry. This is an ideal first step as it cleans away any dirt on the face. NOTE Do not use a harsh or strong soap as the natural acid mantle of the skin will be upset by the caustic soda in the soap.
    STEP 2
    To cleanse the face of make-up, impurities, excess oil and dulling dead cells it is important to use a liquid cleanser which is made for this purpose. Cleansers may also be available as a cream or gel. Sometimes an exfoliating cream is used to remove dead skin cells as well. An exfoliant should be used approximately twice a week. Apply the cleanser to the face and then remove using a cotton wool ball.

  2. TONING
    A skin toner is used to eliminate the last traces of a cleanser. It stimulates and freshens the skin at the same time, refines or minimises pore appearance and prepares the skin surface for the moisture treatment. It does this by normalising the skin's acid/alkaline balance. A skin toner will firm and tighten the surface of the skin and thus help to control enlarged pores. The circulation is also improved. A toner will prepare the skin for moisturisers and nourishing creams.
    A toner may be applied using a cotton wool ball.
    Ask your Pharmacist or cosmetician how to apply the skin toner correctly.

  3. MOISTURISING
    This is the third step in skin care and is considered the most important step. A moisturiser should be used daily as it replenishes lost moisture (and emollients if the skin is dry).
    Moisturisers form a protective barrier between the skin and the environment while providing a smooth base for easier makeup application. The skin is left soft, supple and smooth. A good product will protect the skin against pollutants, air conditioning and even dust and dirt because of the sealing action of the moisturiser. Make-up is usually easier to apply and is less likely to streak or go patchy if it is applied after using a moisturiser.
    As there are a number of products on the market it is wise to ask your Pharmacist or cosmetician to suggest the best brand for your skin.

  4. NOURISHING
    A skin nourisher comes in different forms. Special night creams are a good example. They are used before retiring at night when the body is more receptive to treatment.
    Specially formulated fluid skin moisturisers are used to help nourish the skin as well. They are also used at night.
    The most important areas on the face are the throat and eye area as they are prone to wrinkles.
    It is important to help to keep the skin supple so that wrinkles are less likely to occur.
    Ask your Pharmacist or cosmetician to recommend the best product for you.

  5. MASKS
    Masks are used when the skin requires extra help. The types of masks available include: deep cleansing, hydrating, nourishing and firming.
    They are not intended to be used daily. Masks are usually applied once a month and more often if indicated.
    Ask your Pharmacist or cosmetician for advice.

  6. EXFOLIATING CREAMS/SCRUBS
    These products usually contain special granules which slough off dead skin cells. Throughout your lifetime the skin is constantly renewing itself. As we age this action starts to slow down and the skin begins to look tired and dull. The correct use of these products is important.
    Ask your Pharmacist or cosmetician for advice.

  7. EYE MAKE-UP REMOVERS
    These products are specially formulated to cleanse the skin of all eye make-up.
  • Management

    Lifestyle

    Diet Hints
    • Include plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables, beans and wholegrains in the diet.
    • Foods which should be eaten in moderate amounts include dairy products, red meats, white meats and fish.
    • Foods to avoid include those that are high in saturated fats, highly processed foods, refined sugars, pastries, fast food etc.
    • Try to drink at least 6-8 glasses of filtered water a day.
    • Include fish in the diet at least twice a week.
    • Do not overcook foods and grill or steam wherever possible.
  • Pharmacist's Advice
    1. Follow the diet hints.
    2. Use a Water Filter Jug available from your Pharmacy so that you can drink filtered water from which the chlorine has been removed. Drink at least 6 to 8 glasses of water every day.
    3. Keep the bowels regular. Some high fibre products are available from your Pharmacy to help if it is necessary.
    4. Clean the face regularly and use a minimum of soap as many soaps have caustic soda as an ingredient which upsets the acid mantle of the skin.
    5. If the diet is inadequate consider some supplements. Vitamin C is used by the body to build up collagen which is used to maintain skin tissue. Vitamin A is known as the cosmetic vitamin and helps keep the skin in a healthy state.
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